This is the second time in 10 weeks that Afghans have gone to the polls. This will be the first time that power in Afghanistan has been democratically transferred from one administration.
The current incumbent President Hamid Karzai is constitutionally bared from seeking a third term as president.
The Foreign Minister Afghanis is a former leader in the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance and is a doctor of medicine. Abdullah ran as an independent candidate in the 2009 presidential election and placed second with 30.5% of the total votes. On November 1, 2009, Abdullah quit the runoff election that would have taken place six days later, on November 7, due to allegations of electoral fraud. In 2010, he created theCoalition for Change and Hope, which is one of the leading democratic opposition movements in Afghanistan.
Ashraf Ghani in the 2009 presidential election, he ranked fourth in
the polls, behind Hamid Karzai, Abdullah Abdullah, and Ramazan Bashardost. In 2009 he was ranked second in the world’s top 100 intellectuals, just behind Richard Dawkins. In 2005 he gave a TED talk, in which he discussed how to rebuild a broken state such as Afghanistan.
Who ever wins the election will inherit a country that is still rebuilding after the war and is still fighting the Taliban.